Glossary of Terms

“inner fire” born of meditation above the pituitary; one of the five levels of the subtle vacuum located between the ajña (soul center) and sahasrara (fontanel) chakras
destiny or providence; God
(“fire of the south”): fire of the money center, the muladhara chakra
self-restraint
the name given to Lord Krishna by His adoptive mother Yashoda, meaning “very big belly”
generosity; donation; charity
(“vision”): holy vision or experience; the path of direct experience and knowledge; philosophy; the blessing or purification felt in the presence of a holy place or person
the ten stages of life during which ego, desires, and attachments gradually develop, from birth to death
Lord Rama’s father. Metaphorically, every human body is dasha (ten doors) and ratha (chariot), the chariot of the ten doors of the sense organs, out of which nine doors are open and the tenth door, the fontanel, is closed.
(“sympathy”): compassion; da means to give or donate, and ya means motion or the power of God
the body; derived from the root dih, “to anoint,” “to smear”
(“embodied one”): the indwelling Self
(“shining one”): a god or deity; divine quality
(“God-given”): name of Arjuna’s conch
the wife of Vasudeva (the father of Krishna)
when the consciousness remains in the five lower centers below the pituitary
patience and perseverance, calmness
ordinarily means “wealth,” but it also represents the six human qualities of birth, death, sorrow, happiness, appetite, and thirst
derived from dhanam jayati iti — he who conquers the six human qualities (dhanam) of birth, death, sorrow, happiness, appetite, and thirst
one who holds the bow — a metaphor for self-control
concentration; the sixth limb of Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
ordinarily translated as religion, righteousness, discipline; divine law; dharma comes from dhri, which means the power of receptivity, and man, which means life. Thus dharma means “that which upholds,” i.e. the breath. Breath is the true religion.
name of the battlefield where the great Mahabharata war took place. Dharma means the power of breath, and kshetra means place. Dharmakshetra means where our living soul remains.
(“constituent”): the power inside the pituitary; metal; vital energy; semen
root; firmness
a great warrior on the side of the Pandavas; the brother of Draupadi and son of Drupada, born fully grown to kill Dronacharya. Dhrishta means obstinacy and restlessness, and dyumna means the power to control the obstinacy that comes from the external world.
a great warrior of the Pandava army. His name comes from dhrishtan ketava yakshah. Dhrishtan means without head, having only a body, while ketu is a dragon’s tail. So Dhrishtaketu is always seeking his head. The true seekers of God will always keep their attention focused between the neck cervical junction and the fontanel.
the blind king, representing the mind. He was the eldest brother of king Pandu, and the father of Duryodhana and the one hundred evil Kaurava bothers.
fortitude; steadiness
established in morality
(“sound”) inner sound perceived during and after meditation
meditation; contemplation; the seventh limb of Patañjali’s Ashtanga Yoga system
spiritual initiation, instruction
spiritual seed mantra given by the master to disciple
a procrastinating person
the fontanel; the cave of the cranium; the abode of the Almighty
the ever-compassionate God, who teaches the supreme secret with extreme love to the able disciple and obedient child
light; divine; sky, heaven
the heart center, the anahata chakra
a seer
object worth seeing and perceiving
the five sons of Draupadi, who is the common wife of the five Pandava brothers. Her sons are the essence, or the atom power, of the five Pandavas.
the wife of the five Pandavas. “Wife” means shakti, or power. Here, Draupadi is the shakti of the five gross elements. Shakti means the life of the plants, which comes from the five gross elements (earth, water, light, air, and vacuum), or the five Pandavas.
the guru of both the Kauravas and the Pandavas. Dronacharya derives from druban dhatu, which means something that melts quickly. Dronacharya is a person of vacillating temperament who cannot judge right from wrong.
the greatest warrior on the side of the Pandavas. Drupada is short for druta pada, which means walk quickly and to finish your duty — to realize the superconsciousness within you.
(“sorrow”): deviation from your real state; to be engrossed in the lower centers, which breeds pain; derived from duh “difficult” and kha “space”
the end (anta) of suffering (duhkha)
the second oldest son of Dhritarashtra, the blind king. Having disrobed the virtuous queen Draupadi, he symbolizes lust.
the eldest son of Dhritarashtra the blind king; he is evil-minded, malicious, and always misguided by evil ministers and bad company
hatred, aversion; one of the five causes of afflictions (klesha)
twice born. The first birth is from the parents, for our physical existence; the second birth is from the spiritual master, for our liberation.
the “bronze” age in the Vedic cosmological system of cyclical time
the impregnable city founded by Lord Krishna in the middle of the sea. It comes from dwara “door” and ka “where.” It symbolizes the fontanel, about which all seekers ask “Where is the door?”